presence_dialoginfo Module

Juha Heinanen

Klaus
Darilion

Edited by

Juha Heinanen

Edited by

Klaus Darilion


Table of Contents

1. Admin Guide
1. Overview
2. Dependencies
2.1. Kamailio Modules
2.2. External Libraries or Applications
3. Parameters
3.1. force_single_dialog (int)
3.2. force_dummy_dialog (int)
4. Functions

List of Examples

1.1. Set parameter
1.2. Set parameter

Chapter 1. Admin Guide

1. Overview

The module enables the handling of "Event: dialog" (as defined in RFC 4235) inside of the presence module. This can be used distribute the dialog-info status to the subscribed watchers.

The module does not currently implement any authorization rules. It assumes that publish requests are only issued by an authorized application and subscribe requests only by authorized users. Authorization can thus be easily done in Kamailio configuration file before calling handle_publish() and handle_subscribe() functions.

Note: This module only activates the processing of the "dialog" in the presence module. To send dialog-info to watchers you also need a source which PUBLISH the dialog info to the presence module. For example you can use the pua_dialoginfo module or any external component. This approach allows to have the presence server and the dialog-info aware publisher (e.g. the main proxy) on different Kamailio instances.

This module by default does body aggregation. That means, if the presence module received PUBLISH from multiple presentities (e.g. if the entity has multiple dialogs the pua_dialoginfo will send multiple PUBLISH), the module will parse all the received (and still valid, depending on the Expires header in the PUBLISH request) XML documents and generate a single XML document with multiple "dialog" elements. This is perfectly valid, but unfortunately not supported by all SIP phones, e.g. Linksys SPA962 crashes when it receives dialog-info with multiple dialog elements. In this case use the ..... module parameter.

To get better understanding how all the module works together please take a look at the following figure:

    Main Proxy and Presence Server on the same Instance

   caller        proxy &      callee         watcher
alice@example   presence   bob@example   watcher@example
                 server
     |             |            |               |
     |             |<-------SUBSCRIBE bob-------|
     |             |--------200 OK------------->|
     |             |--------NOTIFY------------->|
     |             |<-------200 OK--------------|
     |             |            |               |
     |--INV bob--->|            |               |
     |             |--INV bob-->|               |
     |             |<-100-------|               |
     |             |            |               |
     |             |<-180 ring--|               |
     |<--180 ring--|            |               |
     |             |--          |               |
     |             |   \        |               |
     |             | PUBLISH bob|               |
     |             |   /        |               |
     |             |<-          |               |
     |             |            |               |
     |             |--          |               |
     |             |   \        |               |
     |             | 200 ok     |               |
     |             |   /        |               |
     |             |<-          |               |
     |             |--------NOTIFY------------->|
     |             |<-------200 OK--------------|
     |             |            |               |

  • The watcher subscribes the "Event: dialog" of Bob.

  • Alice calls Bob.

  • Bob replies with ringing, the dialog in the dialog module transits to "early". The callback in pua_dialoginfo is executed. The pua_dialoginfo module creates the XML document and uses the pua module to send the PUBLISH. (pua module itself uses tm module to send the PUBLISH stateful)

  • PUBLISH is received and handled by presence module. Presence module updates the "presentity". Presence module checks for active watchers of the presentity. It gives all the XML documents to presence_dialoginfo module to aggregate them into a single XML document. Then it sends the NOTIFY with the aggregated XML document to all active watchers.

The presence server can also be separated from the main proxy by using a separate Kamailio instance as shown in the following figure. (Either set the outbound_proxy parameter of pua module or make sure to route the "looped" PUBLISH requests from the main proxy to the presence server).

    Main Proxy and Presence Server use a separate Instance

   caller        proxy &   presence      callee         watcher
alice@example    server     server     bob@example   watcher@example
     |             |            |               |            |
     |             |<--------------------SUBSCRIBE bob-------|
     |             |-SUBSC bob->|               |            |
     |             |<-200 ok----|               |            |
     |             |---------------------200 OK------------->|
     |             |          .... NOTIFY ... 200 OK ...     |
     |             |            |               |            |
     |             |            |               |            |
     |--INV bob--->|            |               |            |
     |             |--INV bob------------------>|            |
     |             |<-100-----------------------|            |
     |             |            |               |            |
     |             |<-180 ring------------------|            |
     |<--180 ring--|            |               |            |
     |             |--PUBL bob->|               |            |
     |             |<-200 ok----|               |            |
     |             |            |--------NOTIFY------------->|
     |             |            |<-------200 OK--------------|
     |             |            |               |            |

Known issues:

  • The "version" attribute is increased for every NOTIFY, even if the XML document has not changed. This is of course valid, but not very smart.

2. Dependencies

2.1. Kamailio Modules

The following modules must be loaded before this module:

  • presence.

2.2. External Libraries or Applications

None.

3. Parameters

3.1. force_single_dialog (int)

By default the module aggregates all available dialog info into a single dialog-info document containing multiple "dialog" elements. If the phone does not support this, you can activate this parameter.

If this parameter is set, only the dialog element with the currently most interesting dialog state will be put into the dialog-info document. Thus, the dialog-info element will contain only a single "dialog" element. The algorithm chooses the state based on the following order of priority (least important first): terminated, trying, proceeding, confirmed, early. Note: I consider the "early" state more interesting than confirmed as often you might want to pickup a call if the original callee is already busy in a call.

Default value is 0.

Example 1.1. Set parameter

...
modparam("presence_dialoginfo", "force_single_dialog", 1)
...

3.2. force_dummy_dialog (int)

By default the module returns null body if there are no bodies to aggregate. some sip clients like Bria expect at least one dialog. you can activate this parameter to send a dummy dialog.

If this parameter is set and there are no dialog bodies to aggregate, it will return a dummy dialog.

Default value is 0.

Example 1.2. Set parameter

...
modparam("presence_dialoginfo", "force_dummy_dialog", 1)
...

4. Functions

None to be used in configuration file.