xmpp Module

Andreea Spirea

Daniel-Constantin Mierla

Edited by

Andreea Spirea

Table of Contents

1. Admin Guide
1. Overview
2. Dependencies
2.1. Kamailio Modules
2.2. External Libraries or Applications
3. Parameters
3.1. backend(string)
3.2. domain_separator (string)
3.3. gateway_domain (string)
3.4. xmpp_domain (string)
3.5. xmpp_host (string)
3.6. xmpp_port (integer)
3.7. xmpp_password (string)
3.8. outbound_proxy (string)
3.9. gwmap (string)
4. Functions
4.1. xmpp_send_message()
5. Configuration

List of Examples

1.1. Set backend parameter
1.2. Set domain_separator parameter
1.3. Set gateway_domain parameter
1.4. Set xmpp_domain parameter
1.5. Set xmpp_host parameter
1.6. Set xmpp_port parameter
1.7. Set xmpp_password parameter
1.8. Set outbound_proxy parameter
1.9. Set gwmap parameter
1.10. xmpp_send_message() usage

Chapter 1. Admin Guide

1. Overview

This module is a gateway between Kamailio and a XMPP/Jabber server. It enables the exchange of instant messages between SIP clients and XMPP(jabber) clients.

The module can be used in two different modes:

  • XMPP Component Mode. In this mode, Kamailio connects to an XMPP server using the standardized XMPP component interface, extending your XMPP services. The connection is done over TCP/IP with authorization.

  • XMPP Server. In this mode, the Kamailio XMPP module is a stand-alone XMPP server connector, with no requirement for another XMPP server in the system. This server uses XMPP S2S (Server to Server) connections to connect to other XMPP servers or receive connections from other servers. NOTE: this is limited implementation of a XMPP server, it does not support SRV or TLS so far. Also, in this mode it cannot get XMPP clients connected, only XMPP servers (in other words, you cannot use it to replace an XMPP full server implementation). This mode is in beta stage for the moment.

In the component mode, you need a local XMPP server (recommended Jabberd2). The XMPP module will connect by using TCP/IP connection to the local jabber server. The documentation and the source for Jabberd server are located at the following link: http://jabberd.jabberstudio.org/2/#download

After you have a running XMPP server, what you need to do is set the following parameters in the Kamailio configuration file:

  • gateway_domain, xmpp_domain (which can be the same as gateway_domain) and xmpp_host, which are explained in the Exported Parameters section;

  • listen = your ip;

  • alias=Kamailio SIP domain and alias=gateway domain;

  • in the following section of the configuration file, change to your gateway domain:

 	 ### ---8<--- cut here ---8<--- ###
	if ($rd =="sip-xmpp.kamailio.org") {
		if (!t_newtran()) {
  • You can also define a password for the XMPP Component connection to the Jabber server, which must be the same as the xmpp_password parameter.

A use case, for the component-mode, would look like this:

  • Kamailio is hosting the sip-server.kamailio.org SIP domain

  • The gateway SIP domain is sip-xmpp.kamailio.org

  • The XMPP server is hosting the XMPP domain xmpp.kamailio.org

  • The Component is hosting the XMPP domain xmpp-sip.kamailio.org

In the XMPP stand-alone server mode, the XMPP module is a minimal XMPP/Jabber server. In this mode, another Jabber server is not needed. The gateway will connect to other XMPP servers based on the JID domain and by using the standardized XMPP S2S protocol.

If you want to change to server-mode, you have to change the "backend" parameter, as shown in the Exported Parameters section, from "component" to "server".

A use case, for the server-mode, would look like this:

  • Kamailio is hosting the SIP domain sip-server.kamailio.org

  • The gateway is hosting the SIP domain sip-xmpp.kamailio.org;

  • The "XMPP server" is running on xmpp-sip.kamailio.org.

Unless 'gwmap' parameter is set, in both modes (server or component), the destination address must have the same pattern:


From a jabber client's point of view, the destination will look like:


'delim' is a character that can be set via 'domain_separator' parameter.

If 'gwmap' parameter is used, then the addresses are not encoding the domains in the username part. They are going to be straight 'username@domain' always.

2. Dependencies

2.1. Kamailio Modules

The following modules must be loaded before this module:

  • requires 'tm' module.

2.2. External Libraries or Applications

The following libraries or applications must be installed before running Kamailio with this module loaded:

  • expat - used for parsing/building XML. Linux package: libexpat1-devel

3. Parameters

3.1. backend(string)

The mode you are using the module; it can be either "component" or "server".

Default value is "component".

Example 1.1. Set backend parameter

 modparam("xmpp", "backend", "server")

3.2. domain_separator (string)

In the destination address we need an extra character as a domain separator, apart from @. The address of the XMPP(jabber) client looks like this: "sip:username<domain_separator>jabber_server@gateway_sip_domain". The address of a SIP client has the following pattern : "sip_username<domain_separator>sip_domain@gateway_xmpp_domain"; A common used character in XMPP transports is "%".

Default value is "*".

Example 1.2. Set domain_separator parameter

 modparam("xmpp", "domain_separator", "%")

3.3. gateway_domain (string)

The domain of the SIP-to-XMPP gateway - it has to be in DNS or SIP UA has to use outbound proxy to SIP-to-XMPP gateway IP address. It has to be used as domain in the the destination address of the messages sent by SIP users to XMPP users: "sip:username<delim>jabber_server@gateway_domain".

Default value is "sip-xmpp.example.org".

Example 1.3. Set gateway_domain parameter

 modparam("xmpp", "gateway_domain", "sip-xmpp.kamailio.org")

3.4. xmpp_domain (string)

The XMPP domain of the component or the server, depending on the mode. It can be the same as the gateway_domain. For a server DNS name, you have to add _xmpp-server._tcp SRV records in your DNS zone to enable connections from other XMPP servers.

Default value is "sip-xmpp.example.org".

Example 1.4. Set xmpp_domain parameter

 modparam("xmpp", "xmpp_domain", "xmpp-sip.kamailio.org")

3.5. xmpp_host (string)

The IP address or the hostname for the local XMPP/Jabber server to connect to when the backend is set to "component". For server mode, this is the IP address the XMPP module binds to listen for connections coming from other XMPP servers.

Default value is "xmpp.example.org".

Example 1.5. Set xmpp_host parameter

 modparam("xmpp", "xmpp_host", "xmpp.kamailio.org")

3.6. xmpp_port (integer)

In component mode, this is the port the XMPP server component interface listens to. In server mode, this is the port the module listens to.

Default value is "5347", if backend is set to "component" and "5269", if backend is set to "server".

Example 1.6. Set xmpp_port parameter

 modparam("xmpp", "xmpp_port", 5269)

3.7. xmpp_password (string)

The password of the local XMPP server.

This is the password for the component interface on the XMPP server, when connecting as a component. Default password is "secret". When connecting to jabberd2, you need to make sure this is the password configured in the file "c2s.xml". This is how the default configuration for the jabberd2 looks like:

	<!-- Username/password to authenticate as --&gt;
    <user>jabberd</user>;          <!-- default: jabberd -->;
    <pass>secret</pass>;           <!-- default: secret -->;

Example 1.7. Set xmpp_password parameter

 modparam("xmpp", "xmpp_password", "secret")

3.8. outbound_proxy (string)

The SIP address used as next hop when sending the message. Very useful when using Kamailio with a domain name not in DNS, or when using a separate Kamailio instance for XMPP processing. If not set, the message will be sent to the address in destination URI.

Default value is NULL.

Example 1.8. Set outbound_proxy parameter

 modparam("xmpp", "outbound_proxy", "sip:kamailio.org;transport=tcp")

3.9. gwmap (string)

Set the mappings between SIP and XMPP domains. This parameter can be set many times, adding more SIP-XMPP domain mappings. Its value has to be a list of tokens like 'sipdomain=xmppdomain', separated by ';' (e.g., 'sipdomain1=xmppdomain1;sipdomain2=xmppdomain2'.

When this parameter is set, the URI encoding based on 'domain_separator' is no longer enabled. The module will use only addresses in the format 'username@domain'. If the source or destination address does not match a domain in gwmap, then the domain value is preserved when sending to the other protocol.

Default value is NULL.

Example 1.9. Set gwmap parameter

 modparam("xmpp", "gwmap", "sip.kamailio.org=xmpp.kamailio.org;abc.com=xyz.com")
 modparam("xmpp", "gwmap", "kamailio.net")

Based on the above parameter values, if there is a SIP message from 'sip:alice@sip.kamailio.org' going to 'sip:bob@abc.com', the XMPP message to be sent is from 'alice@xmpp.kamailio.org' to 'bob@xyz.com'.

4. Functions

4.1.  xmpp_send_message()

Converts SIP messages to XMPP(jabber) messages, in order to be relayed to a XMPP(jabber) client.

Example 1.10. xmpp_send_message() usage


5. Configuration

Next is presented a sample configuration file one can use to implement a standalone SIP-to-XMPP gateway. You can run an instance of Kamailio on a separate machine or on different port with the following config, and have the main SIP server configured to forward all SIP requests for XMPP world to it.

# $Id$
# simple quick-start config script for XMPP GW
# make sure in your main SIP server that you send
# only the adequate SIP MESSAGES to XMPP GW
# ----------- global configuration parameters ------------------------

debug=9            # debug level (cmd line: -dddddddddd)
log_stderror=yes    # (cmd line: -E)

/* Uncomment these lines to enter debugging mode 

check_via=no	# (cmd. line: -v)
dns=no          # (cmd. line: -r)
rev_dns=no      # (cmd. line: -R)


# ------------------ module loading ----------------------------------

loadmodule "sl.so"
loadmodule "tm.so"
loadmodule "rr.so"
loadmodule "maxfwd.so"
loadmodule "textops.so"
loadmodule "mi_fifo.so"

loadmodule "xmpp.so"

modparam("xmpp", "domain_separator", "*")
modparam("xmpp", "gateway_domain", "sip-xmpp.kamailio.org")
modparam("xmpp", "xmpp_domain", "xmpp-sip.kamailio.org")
modparam("xmpp", "xmpp_host", "xmpp.kamailio.org")

modparam("xmpp", "backend", "server")
# modparam("xmpp", "backend", "component")

# ----------------- setting module-specific parameters ---------------

# -- mi_fifo params --

modparam("mi_fifo", "fifo_name", "/tmp/kamailio_fifo_xmpp")

# -- usrloc params --

# -- rr params --
# add value to ;lr param to make some broken UAs happy
modparam("rr", "enable_full_lr", 1)

# -------------------------  request routing logic -------------------

# main routing logic


	# initial sanity checks -- messages with
	# max_forwards==0, or excessively long requests
	if (!mf_process_maxfwd_header("10")) {
		sl_send_reply("483","Too Many Hops");

	if (msg:len >=  2048 ) {
		sl_send_reply("513", "Message too big");

	### absorb retransmissions ###
	if (!t_newtran()) {
	if (method == "MESSAGE") {
		log("*** xmpp-handled MESSAGE message.\n");
		if (xmpp_send_message()) {
			t_reply("200", "Accepted");
		} else {
			t_reply("404", "Not found");
	log("*** xmpp: unhandled message type\n");
	t_reply("503", "Service unavailable");