Troubleshooting Core Dump File With GDB
Getting the backtrace from a core file dumped upon Kamailio crash.
After a crash of the server it may generate a core file in its working directory, if the functionality is not disabled. This core file can be used to get the cause (or at least a hint) of the crash. The core file contains the memory of the process at the moment it crashes as well as the execution trace, so it could contain sensitive data.
- Invalid input data, e.g. some messages or from the database
- Errors in the program code, e.g. null pointer access
Analyze Core File
Core files can be examined with gdb, the GNU debugger. It can read the crash informations, and display (among other things) the backtrace that leads to the crash. Just run:
gdb /path/to/kamailio /path/to/core/file
Substitute the paths to match your installation, for example:
gdb /usr/local/sbin/kamailio /home/corefiles/core.1234
After gdb finished to read the input and shows its prompt, execute:
or the short variant:
GDB will then output the backtrace.
More useful could be the full backtrace, that can be seen with:
This information should added to your bug report of the crash. Please don't delete the core files after the backtrace generation, as its really helpful for eventual further investigations.
In order to get a meaningful backtrace gdb needs some debugging informations in its binary. If you compiled from the source, no additional steps should be necessary from you. If you install a binary package, e.g. from debian, you need to install the -dbg package too (e.g., kamailio-dbg...deb).
If you don't understand the information that gdb prints, some developer on the mailling list should be able to help you.
How To Get Core Files
Sometimes the server don't write the core file after a crash.
INFO:core:handle_sigs: core was not generated
First check if the "disable_core_dump" variable is set in your configuration. If you run the server from a debian package, check the DUMP_CORE setting in the "/etc/default/kamailio" file. If this are all not set, then there is probably some ulimit configured that prohibits the core file generation. Just run:
ulimit -c unlimited
in the shell where you started the server. If you run from a init script it should normally already take care of this. If its still not create a core file then perhaps the server has no permissions to write into its working directory, check its permissions and the startup option "-w".
On some operating systems it may be required to run Kamailio as privileged user (e.g., root) or change the fs.suid_dumpable sysctl setting:
To get per-process core file then you can use on Linux:
echo "1" > /proc/sys/kernel/core_uses_pid
A similar command for FreeBSD:
CentOS Core Dump Settings
For CentOS 7, the following settings can be useful:
Edit /etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf and add:
kernel.core_pattern = /tmp/core.%e.%p.%h.%t kernel.core_uses_pid=1 fs.suid_dumpable = 2
Run sysctl --system to reload kernel parameters.
Edit /etc/sysconfig/kamailio and set:
Debugging with GDB:
Shortcut in the tutorial for backtrace command of gdb: