Install And Maintain Kamailio (OpenSER) v3.1.x From GIT

Main author:
   Daniel-Constantin Mierla <miconda (at) gmail.com>

This is a step by step tutorial about how to install and maintain Kamailio (OpenSER) using the sources from GIT. Even it is more complex to install, it is easier to maintain. Installation is done once while maintenance has to be done each time a new issue was discovered and fixed. Using the GIT, you get access to the latest code very quickly.

This document focuses on Kamailio (OpenSER) v3.1.0 with MySQL support, using a Debian unstable system.

Kamailio 3.1.0 was released on October 06, 2010:

Notes on Kamailio vs SER

Since version 3.0.0 (previous major release), Kamailio and SER are built from same source code, meaning that they are more or less same application.

The difference is in few compile time options that are enabled in Kamailio. These are:

  • enable Kamailio-style statistics framework - if you don't know what they are, then you don't need them anyhow
  • enable application server extensions in TM module needed only by seas module - unless you use seas module, these extensions make no difference to you

You can build as well SER with these extensions by editing the Makefiles. Also, all modules work with Kamailio-style statistics framework disabled.

1. Prerequisites

To be able to follow the guidelines from this document you need root access.

The following packages are required before proceeding to the next steps.

  • git client: apt-get install git-core - it is recommended to have the latest version, which might not be part of the distribution yet, but you can get it from: http://git-scm.com/
  • gcc compiler: apt-get install gcc
  • flex - apt-get install flex
  • bison - apt-get install bison
  • libmysqlclient15-dev - apt-get install libmysqlclient15-dev
  • make - apt-get install make
  • if you want to enable more modules, some of them require extra libraries:
    • libcurl - apt-get install libcurl4-openssl-dev
    • libxml2 - apt-get install libxml2-dev
    • libpcre3 - apt-get install libpcre3-dev

2. Getting sources from GIT

First of all, you have to create a directory on the file system where the sources will be stored.

  mkdir -p /usr/local/src/kamailio-3.1.0
  cd /usr/local/src/kamailio-3.1.0

Download the sources from GIT using the following commands.

  git clone --depth 1 git://git.sip-router.org/sip-router kamailio
  cd kamailio
  git checkout -b 3.1 origin/3.1

3.Tuning Makefiles

The most important and first step is to set build flavour to kamailio.

  make FLAVOUR=kamailio cfg

If you forget to set the flavour to kamailio, the default build is SER (note that SER flavour does not enable by default Kamailio's statistics support and application server extensions in tm module needed only by seas module, otherwise is the same application, just using a different name).

Next step is to enable the MySQL module.

  nano -w modules.lst

Remove db_mysql from the variable exclude_modules.

Save the modules.lst and exit.

NOTE: this is the mechanism to enable modules which are not compiled by default, such as lcr, dialplan, presence – remove the module from exclude_modules variable inside the modules.lst file.

Alternative is to use 'include_modules' variable to specify what extra modules to be included for compilation:

make FLAVOUR=kamailio  include_modules="db_mysql dialplan" cfg

If you want to install everything in one directory, say /usr/local/kamailio-3.1, then use:

make PREFIX="/usr/local/kamailio-3.1" FLAVOUR=kamailio  include_modules="db_mysql dialplan" cfg

More hints about Makefile system at:

4. Compile Kamailio (OpenSER)

Once the mysql module was removed from excluded modules list, you can compile Kamailio (OpenSER).

  make all

You can get full compile flags output using:

  make Q=0 all

5. Install Kamailio (OpenSER)

When the compilation is ready, install Kamailio (OpenSER) with the following command:

  make install

6. What and where was installed

The binaries and executable scripts were installed in:

  /usr/local/sbin

These are:

  • kamailio - Kamailio (OpenSER) server
  • kamdbctl - script to create and manage the Databases
  • kamctl - script to manage and control Kamailio (OpenSER) server
  • sercmd - CLI - command line tool to interface with Kamailio (OpenSER) server

To be able to use the binaries from command line, make sure that '/usr/local/sbin' is set in PATH environment variable. You can check that with 'echo $PATH'. If not and you are using 'bash', open '/root/.bash_profile' and at the end add:

  PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/sbin
  export PATH

Kamailio (OpenSER) modules are installed in:

  /usr/local/lib/kamailio/modules/
  /usr/local/lib/kamailio/modules_k/
  /usr/local/lib/kamailio/modules_s/

For 64 bit system

  /usr/local/lib64/kamailio/modules/
  /usr/local/lib64/kamailio/modules_k/
  /usr/local/lib64/kamailio/modules_s/

The documentation and readme files are installed in:

  /usr/local/share/doc/kamailio/

The man pages are installed in:

  /usr/local/share/man/man5/
  /usr/local/share/man/man8/

The configuration file was installed in:

  /usr/local/etc/kamailio/kamailio.cfg

7. Create MySQL database

First, in order to create the database you need to specify the wanted db type (DBENGINE=MYSQL) in the

  /usr/local/etc/kamailio/kamctlrc

file.

Then, to create the MySQL database, you have to use the database setup script:

  /usr/local/sbin/kamdbctl create

Call this script without any parameter to get some help for the usage. You will be asked for the domain name Kamailio (OpenSER) is going to serve (e.g., mysipserver.com) and the password of the 'root' MySQL user. The script will create a database named 'openser' containing the tables required by Kamailio (OpenSER). You can change the default settings in the kamctlrc file mentioned above.

The script will add two users in MySQL:

- openser - having the password 'openserrw', user which has full access rights to 'openser' database

- openserro - having the password 'openserro', user which has read-only access rights to 'openser' database

Do change the passwords for these two users immediately after the database is created.

8. Edit configuration file

To fit your requirements for the VoIP platform, you have to edit the configuration file.

  /usr/local/etc/kamailio/kamailio.cfg

Follow the instruction in the comments to enable usage of MySQL. Basically you have to add several lines at the top of config file, like:

#!define WITH_MYSQL
#!define WITH_AUTH
#!define WITH_USRLOCDB

If you changed the password for the 'openser' user of MySQL, you have to update the value for 'db_url' parameters.

You can browse kamailio.cfg online on GIT repository.

9. The init.d script

The init.d script can be used to start/stop the Kamailio (OpenSER) server in a nicer way. A sample of init.d script for Kamailio (OpenSER) is provided at:

  /usr/local/src/kamailio-3.1.0/pkg/kamailio/debian/kamailio.init
/usr/local/src/kamailio-3.1.0/kamailio/pkg/kamailio/deb/debian/kamailio.init

Just copy the init file into the /etc/init.d/kamailio. Then change the permisions:

  chmod 755 /etc/init.d/kamailio 

then edit the file updating the $DAEMON value:

  DAEMON=/usr/local/sbin/kamailio

You need also setup a configuration file in the /etc/default/ directory. This file can be found at:

  /usr/local/src/kamailio-3.1.0/pkg/kamailio/debian/kamailio.default

You need to rename the file to 'kamailio' after you've copied it. Then edit this file and set RUN_KAMAILIO=yes. Edit the other options at your convenience.

Create the directory for pid file:

mkdir -p /var/run/kamailio

Default setting is to run Kamailio as user “kamailio” and group “kamailio”. For that you need to create the user:

adduser --quiet --system --group --disabled-password \
        --shell /bin/false --gecos "Kamailio" \
        --home /var/run/kamailio kamailio

# set ownership to /var/run/kamailio
chown kamailio:kamailio /var/run/kamailio

Then you can start/stop Kamailio (OpenSER) using the following commands:

  /etc/init.d/kamailio start
  /etc/init.d/kamailio stop

10. Ready to rock

Now everything is in place. You can start the VoIP service, creating new accounts and setting the phones.

A new account can be added using 'kamctl' tool via 'kamctl add <username> <password> <email>'. (or try without the email)

kamctl add test testpasswd test@mysipserver.com

If you are asked for SIP_DOMAIN environment variable do one of the following option.

  1.
  export SIP_DOMAIN=mysipserver.com

  2.
  edit '/root/.kamctlrc' and add:
  SIP_DOMAIN=mysipserver.com

11. Maintenance

The maintenance process is very simple right now. You have to be user 'root' and execute following commands:

  cd /usr/local/src/kamailio-3.1.0/kamailio
  git pull origin
  make all
  make install
  /etc/init.d/kamailio restart

Now you have the latest Kamailio (OpenSER) v3.1.0 running on your system.

12. Time for maintenance service

Notification about GIT commits are sent to the mailing list: sr-dev@lists.sip-router.org. Each commit notification contains the reference to the branch where the commit has been done. If the commit message contains the lines:

Module: sip-router
Branch: 3.1

then an update has been made to Kamailio (OpenSER) version 3.1.x and it will be available to the public GIT in no time.

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